Importance of containerization
It’s common to see fresh food that was grown or caught on the other side of the world. Not long ago. This would have been unheard of everything had to be produced close to the consumer. It just wasn’t profitable to ship goods over long distances only luxury and Specialty items were shipped from overseas.
Very few plays items were produced more than a couple hundred miles away from the final Market that all changed on April 26 1956 when the ideal x a converted World War. Tanker left Newark, New Jersey on its main Journey. What was so special about this journey was that it was the first time in history that a ship had its cargo packed into containers rather than just Loosely placed throughout its holds this seems like a simple and uninfluential concept, but this idea changed our world before the ideal X.
Advantages of containerization
One of the most amazing aspects of containerized cargo system is that it became Universal. We can’t even agree on a currency plug type DVD standard or even which side of the road to drive on, but we can’t agree across the world on the one size of shipping container.
Containerization was the greatest driver of the development of a global economy and Trade Network. The Intermodal container cut shipping time from Europe to Australia down from 70 to 34 days without increasing the speed of travel.
Containerization could have been the last great Innovation and shipping. Boats can’t really go any faster while still being profitable. 15 knots is the average speed today for cargo ships and it’s unlikely that this speed will increase in the near future.
To make shipping faster and cheaper one needs to find other ways to speed up the process.
There are some small changes being developed such as the automation of ports and further specialization of ships.
Shipping companies today
However, the greatest Innovation for shipping may come from the greatest threat to mankind.
Global warming is opening new routes for ship. The once Frozen Northeast passage in north of Scandinavia & Russia now can be sailed on for a few months of the year.
In 2009 a German cargo ship became the first commercial vessel to sail this route and today multiple ships use this route every year.
The route shortens the shipping time between Europe and Asia by days, avoids the pirate-infested waters of the Red Sea and Gulf of Aden and saves on average three hundred thousand dollars in fuel per vessel / voyage.